… And not absent from your Lord is any [part] of an atom's weight within the earth or within the heaven or [anything] smaller than that or greater, but that it is in a clear register. (10:61)
In this beautiful verse, Allah clarifies that nothing is hidden from Him in this universe, no matter how minute it may be. It was believed that the atom was the smallest entity in the universe. After it was split, smaller entities were discovered having positive electrical properties, such as protons, and negative electrical properties, such as electrons.
In 1939, the German scholars Hahn and Strassmann at the University of Berlin split a uranium atom. With further research, particles which are even more minute, like the quark, have been discovered.
Modern sciences have reached a high level of technical development and scientific advancement in various fields of life. The future still awaits further development. This process will continue until the day of Resurrection. The collective efforts of all humankind in fields of knowledge will never measure up to, or even come close to, Allah’s Knowledge and Ability.
Allah the Exalted says:
And they ask you, [O Muhammad], about the soul. Say, ‘The soul is of the affair of my Lord. And mankind have not been given of knowledge except a little.’ (17:85)
The knowledge of Allah and his abilities are boundless and unmatchable. Allah, in this Qur’anic verse, has laid out a simple explanation for us so that our minds will be able to recognize and absorb the huge difference between his knowledge and ours. Glory be to Allah!