It is one of the first places of worship to be built by the Muslims in the time of the Prophet Muhammad .The Prophet was buried in his house, which was adjacent to the Masjid, as Prophets are to be buried where they die. It is praiseworthy to greet the Prophet when one passes by his grave.
The Prophet used to spend many nights at a time in this cave before receiving the revelation. Gabriel brought him the first revelation while he was in this cave. It holds no religious significance though, since the Prophet after being commissioned as a prophet never returned to this cave, nor did he encourage others to visit this place or hold it in esteem.
The rock is one of the boulders adjacent to the Mosque of al-Aqsa. The boulder itself is about 18 meters high and 13 meters wide. At present it is housed under a dome, known as the “Dome of the Rock”. This was built by the Umayyad Caliph, Abdul-Malik bin Marwan and is usually confused with the Mosque of Al-Aqsa.