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What is Islam?

What is Islam?

Islam is to submit to Allah in His Oneness (Monotheism), to be subservient to Him in obedience and not to associate any partners, rivals, or intercessors with Him. It is a religion of tolerance and ease.

Allah says: Allah intends for you ease and does not intend for you hardship (2:185)



Islam comprises a number of acts of worship, among which some are verbal, physical and spiritual acts of worship. These acts of worship play an important role in refining one’s manners, purifying one’s soul, reforming oneself, and maintaining the integrity and unity of Muslim society.

What do they say about Islam?

W. Montgomery Watt in his book, What is Islam?, said, “Prejudice is only one of the difficulties to be met by the European or American student of Islam. As soon as he begins to describe Islam as ‘the religion of the Qur’an’, or ‘the religion of the four hundred million Muslims of today’, he introduces a category which does not fit the category of ‘religion’. For what does ‘religion’ now mean to the Occidental? At best, for the ordinary man, it means a way of spending an hour or so on Sundays in practices which give him some support and strength in dealing with the problems of daily life, and which encourages him to be friendly towards other persons and to maintain the standards of sexual propriety. It has little or nothing to do with commerce or economics or politics or industrial relationships. At worst it fosters an attitude of complacency in the more prosperous individuals and breeds smugness.

The European may even look at religion as an opiate developed by exploiters of the common people in order to keep them in subjugation. How different from the connotations to the Muslim of the verse ((3:19), ‘the true religion with God is Islam!’

The word translated as ‘religion’ is Dīn, which, in Arabic, commonly refers to a whole way of life. It is not a private matter for individuals, touching only the periphery of their lives, but something which is both private and public, something which permeates the whole fabric of society in a way of which men are conscious. It is all-in-one theological dogma, encompassing worship, political theory, and a detailed code of conduct, including even matters which the European would classify as hygiene or etiquette.”(1)