Allah is He Who raised the heavens without any pillars that you can see
Modern day studies of the universe affirm that there is great energy in matter,
its components and celestial bodies. Allah can destroy it and recreate it. Scientists
have discovered different forms of powerful energy which flow in the
heavens and earth. These energies are:
Strong nuclear energy: This energy holds subatomic particles together;
which includes protons, electrons and neutrons.
Weak nuclear energy: This nuclear energy causes certain forms of radioactive
Electromagnetic energy: This is the energy which ties the
atoms together within matter, and which also gives each its
It is the weakest form of energy known to us, but in
the long run, is a focal form of energy, since it keeps all the
celestial bodies in their respective positions.
And it is He who created the night and the day and the sun
and the moon; all in an orbit, swimming.
And the sun runs in a fixed course for a term (appointed). That
is the Decree of the All-Mighty, the All-Knowing. And the moon,
for which We have determined phases [which it must traverse]
till it becomes like an old dried curved date stalk. It is not allowable
for the sun to reach the moon, nor does the night overtake
the day, but each, in an orbit, is swimming
In these verses, Allah states that the sun is traveling towards a
certain direction. Previously, it was perceived that the sun was
motionless. Modern day astronomers have affirmed that the
sun moves in a certain direction. All planets in this solar system
move, like satellites. The Earth’s orbit is concentric to the orbits
of the planets.
By the heaven full of starry paths
In Arabic, the word “Hubuk” (starry paths) has more than one
Perfection in creation: Astronomers calculate that there are
two hundred billion galaxies in the known universe and
about seventy billion trillion stars. Each galaxy varies in its
size, shape, density, speed at which it is traveling on its
axis, its distance from us, and the distance each is from the
other, the stages it went through, its number of stars, and the life of each
of their stars.
It also refers to a thing which is perfectly combined and integrated. These
awesome numbers of galaxies and stars in the known portion of the universe
is only 10% of the entire universe. There must be a power which
keeps it all together, otherwise it would collapse and fall into chaos. Far
removed is Allah from every imperfection, Who said:
Indeed, Allah holds the heavens and the earth, lest they deviate from their
orbits. And if they should ever deviate from their orbits, no one could hold
them [in place] after Him. Indeed, He is Forbearing and forgiving
It also refers to the orbits each celestial body floats within. Among the
amazing things which has baffled scientists is the vast number of galaxies
in the known portion of the universe. This proves that this universe is running
in a perfect system.
It is He who made the sun a [source] of radiant light and the moon a light [reflected],
and has determined for it phases so that you may know the number of
years and to measure time. Allah has not created this except in truth. He details
the signs for a people who know
The perfect distinction made between light given off by a luminous, fiery body
and light reflected from the sun by a dark, cold body (the moon), which is then
reflected in a constant and steady manner (upon the earth) has been mentioned
in the Qur’an over fourteen hundred years ago! This is among the many proofs
that the Qur’an is Divine Revelation from Allah, Who is the Best Knower of that
which He, Alone, has created.